Emma Carmody


Dr Emma Carmody is an environmental lawyer with particular expertise in water law and policy and international environmental law. She has spent the last 15 years advising a broad range of clients including international organisations, government ministries, NGOs, First Peoples, farmers and community groups in Australia and abroad about a range of complex matters pertaining to transboundary water sharing, compliance and enforcement, the climate- water nexus, the interaction between human rights law and water law, human rights violations in international supply chains and more. She also has extensive experience advising during sensitive multilateral negotiations between nation states.

Emma is currently a Special Counsel at the Environmental Defenders Office (EDO), which is the largest public interest environmental law firm in the Southern Hemisphere. In parallel to her work at the EDO, she serves as Legal Advisor to the Secretariat of the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands in Switzerland.

Emma is listed in Best Lawyers in Australia in the Planning and Environmental Law and Water Law categories, respectively. In 2018, she was awarded the Dunphy Award for most outstanding effort by an individual at the New South Wales Environment Awards for her work as a water lawyer, which has driven considerable reform in relation to compliance and enforcement. Emma is on the board of the Alliance for Water Stewardship International and on the Strategic Advisory Council of the Alliance for Global Water Adaptation. She is also a Fellow of the Peter Cullen Trust.

Emma publishes articles, book chapters and opinion pieces on various aspects of environmental law and sustainability in English and French